Why Do Wine Glasses Have a STEM? | Advanced Mixology


If you often go to a restaurant and have wine or if you have a mini bar at your house, then you’re quite familiar with the
wine glass. But have you ever wondered why it is designed that way? The bowl is understandable because it holds the wine but why does it have a stem? Is it just to make it look fancy and sophisticated? This is one of the many concepts about wine that seem to be overlooked and in this article, we’re going to give sufficient explanation about it. 

Why do wine glasses have a stems?

Before we get to the answer to the question above, let’s learn a little bit of the history and structure of the glass, shall we? There are three parts of a wine glass: the bowl, the stem and the base. The bowl is the container for the wine, the stem provides a grip and the base is for support. The height of the stem as well as the width of the base depends on the size, diameter and shape of the bowl so they can be proportional with each other and so there will be a balanced structure. If you want to learn more about the dimensions, size and volume of wine glasses, you can visit this page

The first stemmed glass is said to have originated in Venice, the capital of glassmaking, around the 1400s. The style was based on the structure of the chalice that was used for religious purposes.  Though, at that time, wine was still drunk in cups that were either made from wood, leather, pewter or clay, so the stemware didn’t receive much attention. Around 1450, the cristallo glass was invented and was used on the island of Murano in Venice. With this, it helped in enhancing the look of glassware especially with its colorless appearance. 

It was only until the late 18th century that the stemmed glassware gained popularity due to the booming glassware business. Also, using the stemmed wine glass represents status, so when you see someone back in that time using or owning a wine glass, you can think that he/ she is rich. Since then, this particular design for wine glass has become the standard for serving wine. Nowadays, people have developed numerous designs for glasses that are supposed to be trendy. Nevertheless, the stemmed wine glassware still prevails because it offers something beyond the look.


The first crucial thing that we should know about wine is that maintaining its temperature is important. From the time it is stored to the time that it is served, optimal temperature is key in having a nice wine, with all its flavors and aromas intact. Our hands are one of the warmest parts of our body and the stem provides the grip that lets you hold the glass without coming in contact with the bowl. What happens when you touch the bowl instead of the stem is that heat from your hands radiates and warms the glass and eventually raising the temperature of wine. This heat can affect the flavor of the wine and there’s a chance that the alcohol taste will overpower the other flavors.   


Moreover, when you’re holding the glass at the stem, it prevents you from creating smudges on the surface of the glass. Wine has such divine colors and you don’t want to ruin it by having grease or fingerprints on the glass, that just makes the presentation dull and not as appealing. 


If there’s one thing that people love to do when their wine glassware gets filled with wine, it is swirling the wine. It is not for naught or for fun, swirling the wine actually helps in releasing all the wonderful aromas of the wine. Holding the glass at the stem enables you to do this and also, you can observe the color of the wine and admire it. But, if you’re not used to swirling, you better take it slow to prevent you from spilling precious wine and from being embarrassed. 

Lastly, the stem plays a huge role in upholding the etiquette of holding wine glasses. There are several ways on how to hold a wine glass but most of them involve the utilization of the stem to apply the three factors mentioned above. If you want to learn more about the proper ways on how to hold wine glasses, you can check out this article

Do all the wine glasses have stems?


With all the good points mentioned above, one might think that all wine glasses have stems, but no, that’s not the case. There is such a thing called stemless wine glasses that look like only the bowl component of the stemmed glass. Experts have debated about the benefits of stem-less wine glasses given that the stemmed glasses are clearly designed according to purpose. Nowadays, the stemless wine glassware has made its way into the spotlight and is widely used in restaurants and bars. 

The main thing that these wine glasses has to offer is the ease of storage. Because of the absence of the stem, it is easier to store these glasses in cupboards and have them cleaned in the dishwasher. Furthermore, stems are fragile and so they easily break when not stored or not handled properly. With this, these type of wine glasses are sturdier and provide a solid grip. 

Stemless glasses are very similar to the glasses that we use everyday, which is the water glass. Without the stem, clearly you’re going to leave some of your fingerprints on the surface of the glassware but it doesn’t matter since stemless wine glasses are intended for informal or casual occasions so you’re not as conscious in using it compared to the traditional stemmed wine glassware. You can serve both red wines and white wine in it but some argue that it is more beneficial for reds since it warms the wine and does something to its flavor, depending on what type of red wines, that is.  

They are still eye-catching, but without the stems, they are not as elegant as the stemmed ones but then again, they are for casual events so it’s totally understandable. What matters is that they are accepted and they still  serve their purpose.  

Conclusion

Wine is all about elegance. And what better way to serve it than the iconic wine glass. It has become a symbol of the wine. The structure may have come from resemblance of the chalice but its evolution has worked out really great. There are a lot of ways on how to serve wine such as utilizing the stemless wine glass, a tumbler glass or you can even chug it out from the bottle if you want. But, then again, there’s an etiquette surrounding the proper handling of wine. The stem actually helps fulfill that etiquette and enhances the flavors and aromas of the wine. It also allows you to admire the visuals of the wine upon swirling it. It’s just that wine takes a very long time with very delicate processes to get it right and it’s only natural that it receives the proper vessel that it deserves.


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